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国际因特网协会(ISOC)关于美国清洁网络计划的声明

2020/8/14 字体: 来源:春晖大地 作者:

国际因特网协会(ISOC)对美国的“清洁网络计划”倍感失望。美国是早期资助互联网发展的国家。然而,美国现在正在考虑出台一系列的清网政策和计划,企图将互联网割裂成碎片。最令人不安和堪忧的趋势是,美国政府试图为赢得短期的政治得分,直接出手干预全球的互联网,完全不考虑该计划将导致对互联网发展的长期破坏。   

因特网是一个全球性的互联网络,因特网络是在没有中心权威的情况下,自愿地相互连接。正是这种相互连接的架构造就了因特网在全球的成功。今天,美国突然宣布“清洁网络计划”,这是对因特网架构体系的核心提出了破环性挑战。

仅仅是“清洁运营商”(Clean Carrie)和“清洁电缆”(Clean Cable)计划就将迫使大量的因特网流量进入第三国,延长数据必须经过的距离,增加了对因特网流量进行监视和操纵的可能性,加大了互联网中断的风险,并在总体上增加了每个人上网的成本。

作为一个国家,仅仅处于其政治的考量,而不是从技术的考虑,违背因特网络的自愿互连原则,实施“清网计划”,这完全违背了因特网精神的初衷。美国政府对因特网的干预,将极大地影响国际因特网的灵活性、柔韧性和适用性。

如果这种“清网行动”进一步蔓延,因特网为全球人类带来的广泛互联和协作,尤其是为全球带来的巨大经济红利将受到严重的威胁和破坏。

美国“清网计划”只会导致全球因特网走向一个彼此分离和支离破碎的网络,而不是我们在过去40年中建立的,现在全球人类比任何时候都需要的因特网。


翻译:程 乐 王春晖 

英文原文:

Internet Society Statement on U.S. CleanNetwork Program

We are very disappointed. The UnitedStates, the country that funded the early development of the Internet, is nowconsidering policies that would fracture it into pieces. This is part of alarger disturbing trend where governments directly interfere with the Internet,attempting to score short-term political points without regard to the long-termdamage that results.

The Internet is a global network ofnetworks, where networks interconnect on a voluntary basis with no centralauthority. It is this architecture that has made the Internet so successful.Today’s announcement of the U.S. Clean Network program challenges thisarchitecture at its very core.

The “Clean Carrier” and “Clean Cable”programs alone would force vast amounts of Internet traffic to route into thirdcountries, extending the distances data must traverse, increasing the potentialfor surveillance and manipulation of Internet traffic, increasing the risk ofInternet outages, and in general increasing costs to everyone on the Internet.

Having a government dictate how networksinterconnect according to political considerations rather than technicalconsiderations, runs contrary to the very idea of the Internet. Suchinterventions will significantly impact the agility, resiliency and flexibilityof the Internet.


If this approach were to spread further,the ability of the Internet to bring the broader benefits of collaboration,global reach, and economic growth will be significantly threatened.

Policies like these only increase theglobal momentum towards a “Splinternet” — a fractured network, rather than theInternet we have built over the last four decades and need now more than ever.  


原文链接:https://www.internetsociety.org/news/statements/2020/internet-society-statement-on-u-s-clean-network-program/

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